Alaska Gazetteer

Alaska - Basic Information

Became a State: January 3, 1959 - 49th State
Population: 710,231 (2010 Census) - Ranks 47th
Land Area: 570,641.0 square miles - Ranks 1st
Population Density: 1.2 persons per square mile - Ranks 50th
Housing Units: 306,967 (2010 Census)
Housing Unit Density: 0.5 housing units per square mile
July 1, 2014 Estimates: Alaska Data and Demographics
State Capital: Juneau
State Website: Official State of Alaska Website
Alaska State Flag
Alaska state flag

Alaska History

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The United States acquired the area of Alaska by purchase from Russia in 1867, with generally the same boundary as the present state. The formal boundary between the southeastern portion of Alaska and Canada was settled by treaty in 1903. Alaska Territory was organized on August 24, 1912. Alaska became the 49th state on January 3, 1959.

Alaska Geographical Areas

See: Geographic Terms & Concepts

Counties & County Equivalents

There are 29 county equivalents in Alaska.

Most of the land area in Alaska has not been divided into political subdivisions. Boroughs, cities and boroughs, and municipalities are legal entities. Census areas are statistical entities. In Alaska, there are twelve boroughs, four city and boroughs, and two municipalities (borough equivalent). There are four consolidated governments, Anchorage, Juneau, Sitka, and Wrangell, which are classified as municipal governments.

Alaska has 11 statistical entities called "census areas." Census areas are statistical areas established in cooperation with state government for reporting data in the portion of the state outside any borough. These areas are sometimes referred to as the "unorganized borough" and are administered by the state.

Boroughs and census areas were first recognized as county equivalent entities for the 1980 Census.

County Subdivisions

There are 37 county subdivisions known as census subareas in Alaska.

Places (Incorporated Cities, Towns & Census Designated Places (CDPs))

Alaska has 148 incorporated places and 207 census designated places (CDPs). The incorporated places consist of 144 cities, 3 city and boroughs, and 1 municipality. There is no minimum population for incorporation in Alaska.

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Alphabetical List of Cities, Towns, CDPs and Other Populated Places
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q, R | S | T | U, V | W, X, Y, Z

Alaska Civil Features

Alaska Civil Features: Political Subdivisions, Native Areas, Land Grants, etc. - sorted by Census Class Codes.

Metropolitan and Micropolitan Stastical Areas

There are 2 Metropolitan and 2 Micropolitan Statistical Areas in Alaska. AK Metopolitan & Micropolitan Areas

Alaska ZIP Code Tabulation Areas

There are 238 ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZCTAs) in Alaska. View Alaska ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps.

School Districts

Alaska has 53 unified school districts. View Alaska Public and Private Schools.

Congressional Districts

Alaska continues to have one congressional district as a result of reapportionment based on the 2010 Census. View Map of Alaska Congressional Districts.

State Legislative Districts

There are 20 state senate districts and 40 state house districts in Alaska.

American Indian Areas

Alaska has one federally recognized American Indian reservation.

Alaska Native Regional Corporations/Alaska Native Areas

There are 12 Alaska Native Regional Corporations (ANRCs) whose boundaries cover the state outside of the area of the Annette Islands Reserve. ANRCs were created pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) and organized under the laws of the state of Alaska to conduct both the for-profit and non-profit affairs of Alaska Natives within a defined region of Alaska. These are considered legal geographic entities by the Census Bureau. A 13th corporation comprises of Alaska Natives residing outside of the state; however this corporation is not reflected in Census Bureau products because it has no defined geographic extent. Within the corporation boundaries are 220 Alaska Native village statistical areas (ANVSAs).

Alaska Physical, Cultural and Historic Features

  1. Alaska Physical Features such as lakes, islands, streams, valleys, summits, etc.
  2. Alaska Cultural Features such as schools, churches, hospitals, parks, dams, reservoirs, etc.
  3. Alaska Historical Features and Alaska Historic Landmarks

Alaska Maps

  • To find a ZIP Code: input the address in the top-left search box of any ZIP Code Map.
  • To find the Borough: input the address in the top-left search box of the interactive AK map.
  • To find the School Attendance Zone: input the address in the top-left search box of any AK school map

Alaska Census Data Comparison Tool

Compare Selected Alaska Census Data Data: Population,   Population Density,   Diversity Index,   Median Household Incomes,   Per Capita Income
Locations: Cites & Towns,   Boroughs / Census Areas (CA),   ZIP Codes
Highest or Lowest: Show Highest Values,   Show Lowest Values
Results: Show 20 Results,   Show 200 Results
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